Home › Vol 6, No 1 (2017): August  ›  Abstract ›  View Pdf

Incidence of Dog Bites and Rabies Infection in Ozamiz City, Philippines

Jycelle Anne H. Abcede1, Nojin John S. Agnas1, Cherrie May R. Aliño1, Cherry Mae C. Amaquin1, Kristine C. Dandan1, Jezreel Marc E. Pasay2, Marie Rosellynn C. Enguito3

The incidence of dog bites is the primary cause of the transmission of the rabies virus, which has been a serious health and welfare issue in the Philippines for many years. Hence, the Philippine government aims to eliminate the problem of rabies infection by 2020. This study aimed to investigate the incidence of dog bites and rabies infection in Ozamiz City, Philippines. A documentary analysis of medical records obtained from the City Health Office and the hospitals in the city was carried out. There were 3,608 cases of dog bites recorded from January 2013 to June 2015. A relative increase of dog bites was noted in 2014. Monthly distribution of the incidence of dog bites showed that most cases occurred in May (426 cases) which was followed by April (408 cases). Incidence of dog bites started to drop from June to December. The predominance of male victims in this study was consistent for two and a half years. Adults were more frequently victims of a dog bite. Five fatalities were recorded for the period covered due to rabies with three deaths in 2013 and one in each of the years 2014 and 2015. The data will contribute to the growing literature on the occurrence of dog bites and rabies cases for possible interventions by the local government.

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