Home › Vol 6, No 2 (2017): December  ›  Abstract ›  View Pdf

Predictors of Suicide Ideation among the Filipino Youth: Findings from a Nationally Representative Survey of Filipinos Aged 15 to 27

Mark Anthony Mujer Quintos

The increasing threat of suicide as a cause of death, especially among the youth cohort, serves as the raison d'être of this study. Suicide as a cause of death among young people is increasingly becoming a problem in the Philippines. Suicide has been observed to be the 9th leading cause of death among those aged 20-24 since 2003, and responsible for approximately one out of every three deaths among Filipinos aged 10-24. This study attempted to identify the individual and community level predictors of suicide ideation among the Filipino youth using a nationally representative sample of 19,728 Filipino youth aged 15 to 27. A theoretical framework borne out of the combination of Robert Agnew's General Strain Theory and Travis Hirschi's Social Bonds Theory was tested in the study for its capability to explain the suicide phenomenon. Results showed that suicide ideation is a by-product of the interplay between poor family relationships, nature of peers the youth is affiliated with, engagement in other deviant behaviors, and availability of counselors. The findings of the study make salient the importance of five factors in suicide: (1) the value of strong family relationships especially between parents and child, (2) the importance of regulating the youth's involvement in peer groups, (3) the danger of deviant and risky lifestyles, (4) the importance of access to guidance counselors, and (5) the danger of having suicidal peers.

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