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Intervention Programs for Meeting the Social Needs of Internally Displaced Persons in Northwest, Nigeria

Abdulrasaq Olatunji Balogun 1 , Ifeoma Priscilia Okafor 2 , Mohammed Idris Jimoh 3 , Isiaka Abdulaziz 4

The insecurity problem has been a repetitive phenomenon. This issue has led to the cruel annihilation of lives and property, and dislodgement of thousands of innocent souls. In the period of displacement, displaced persons extremely suffer from sociological and psychological trauma, which denies them equal educational and social opportunities like their non-displaced counterparts. This study surveyed intervention programs for meeting the social needs of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in North-west, Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive cross-sectional survey design. The study sample comprised 902 respondents randomly selected from five IDPs camps in North-west, Nigeria. A researchers' designed questionnaire titled, Intervention Programs for meeting the Social Needs Questionnaire (IPMSNQ) was used to collect data from the respondents. The data collected were analyzed using percentage, mean, and standard deviation. The study's findings revealed that the majority of IDPs living in camps lack social support services and the social intervention programs for meeting social needs, and even the available ones were considered inadequate. The study concluded that the majority of IDPs lacked intervention programs for meeting their social needs and where available, they were inadequate. One of the implications of these findings is that IDPs needed intervention programs for meeting their social needs. Thus, it is recommended that the government, in conjunction with non-governmental organizations, ensure the availability and adequacy of intervention programs to meet the social needs of Internally Displaced Persons to be fully integrated and adjusted to the changing environment.

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